Maintaining a Miniature
Horse is about 1/10th the cost of maintaining a large size horse. One
acre can support as many as three Miniature horses. They can also be easily
kept in many backyards. Mini's tend to thrive on pasture, sunshine and
room to run and play. They are sometimes prone to overeating, so it's
important to monitor their nutritional needs and avoid excessive food
Official Standard of Perfection
GENERAL IMPRESSION: A small,
sound, well-balanced horse, possessing the correct conformation characteristics
required of most breeds. Refinement and femininity in the mare. Boldness
and masculinity in the stallion. The general impression should be one
of symmetry, strength, agility and alertness. Since the breed objective
is the smallest possible perfect horse, preference in judging shall be
given the smaller horse, other characteristics being approximately equal.
SIZE: Must measure not more than
34 inches at the withers, at the last hairs of the mane.
HEAD: In proportion to length
of neck and body. Broad forehead with large prominent eyes, set wide apart.
Comparatively short distance between eyes and muzzle. Profile straight
or slightly concave below the eyes. Large nostrils. Clean, refined muzzle.
EARS: Medium in size.
Pointed. Carried alertly, with tips curving slightly inward.
and well defined, allowing ample flexion at the poll.
NECK: Flexible, lengthy, in proportion
to body and type and blending smoothly into the withers.
Long, sloping and well-angulated, allowing a free-swinging stride and
alert carriage of head and neck. Well muscled forearm.
BODY: Well muscled, with
ample bone and substance. Balanced and well proportioned. Short back and
loins in relation to length of underline. Smooth and generally level top-line.
Deep girth and flank. Trim barrel.
HINDQUARTERS: Long, well-muscled
hip, thigh and gaskin. Highest point of croup to be same height as withers.
Tail set neither excessively high or low, but smoothly rounding off rump.
LEGS: Set straight and parallel
when viewed from front or back. Straight, true and squarely set, when
viewed from the side with hooves pointing directly ahead. Pasterns sloping
about 45 degrees and blending smoothly, with no change of angle, from
the hooves to the ground. Hooves to be round and compact, trimmed as short
as practicable for an unshod horse. Smooth, fluid gait in motion.
Any color or marking patterns, and any eye color, is equally acceptable.
The hair should be lustrous and silky.
SHOW DISQUALIFICATIONS: Height
in excess of 34 inches. Monorchidism in Senior Stallions. Any unsoundness
or inheritable deformity. If in doubt, the show Judge may request the
opinion of the show Veterinarian. Non-disfiguring blemishes not associated
with unsoundness, or injuries which are temporary, should not be penalized
unless they impair the general appearance and or action of the horse.
Comparison Chart Between Miniatures & Full-Size Horses
|Factors Of Consideration
||Full Size Horse
||$500 to $200,000
Determined by size, conformation, bloodline and show record, The
smaller and more correctly conformed, the greater the value.
|$500 to Millions
Determined by breed, conformation, genealogy, show record, etc.
||Approximately $20-$25 per month/horse (includes feed and hay)
||$50 to $150 per month/horse
(depending upon use and purpose)
|Professional Stable Boarding Cost
||$50 to $150 per month/horse. Miniature horses can be kept in
backyards with a mini barn or shelter, depending upon local zoning
||$200 to $550 per month/horse.
Depends upon facilities, pasture and riding opportunities.
|$200 and up per month/horse
Family involvement is encouraged- even small children can help train
a miniature horse
|$500 to $??? per month/horse
Depends upon the reputation of the trainer, stable and breed.
(with supplemental hay and feed)
|3 Miniature Horses per acre. Minis can easily be kept in the
average residential backyard depending upon local zoning laws.
|Minimum 3-5 acres per horse
|$4 to $8 each
$25 to $150 each
|$18 to $30 each
$75 to $500 each
|$200 to $400
$750 to $1,400
|$350 to $4,000
$1,500 and up
|$25 to $65
$20 to $45
Not normally used on mins.
$375 to $1,500
|$85 to $200
$40 to $65
$250 and up
$1,000 to $5,000
|Farrier Cost &
|$10 to $18 per horse
Some owners trim and rasp their own horses hooves due to the decreased
hazards associated with a smaller animal.
|$20 to $35 per horse
Some experienced and very knowledgeable owners do their own trimming.
||Usually not done on Miniature Horses Except for corrections
or driving on hard surfaces.
||$50 to $200
|Suitability to Ride
||Children up to 70 pounds may ride depending upon age, height
and body type of horse.
||Children any size and adults can ride. Hazards are greatly
increased due to the animal's size, and the degree of training or
experience of the rider,
|Suitability to Drive
||Children: 3-4 years and up routinely drive at home, parades
and in shows. Adults: A miniature horse can easily pull 1-2 adults in a cart in all
gaits. Minimal experience is needed
Dependent upon experience.
|Health Resistance to Disease
|Excellent---based on good care.
Treated with same medications as large horses--just much smaller
|Excellent---based on good care.
Dosages of medications double or triple the size given to a miniature.
as for larger horses.
as for miniatures.
Medications & Worming
|Determined by weight of horse-greatly reduced dosage due to
||Determined by weight of horse- 4 to 5 times the cost of miniature
due to larger size.
|Suitability for Handicapped
||Greatly adaptable to handicapped individuals due to to smaller
size and affectionate nature.
||Difficult for handicapped individuals to handle due to large
size and unpredictability.